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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

A Shareholder Consent In Its Dotage May Or May Not Be Valid

California Corporations Code Section 603(a) broadly authorizes shareholder action by written consent: Unless otherwise provided in the articles, any action that may be taken at any annual or special meeting of shareholders may be taken without a meeting and without prior notice, if a consent in writing, as specified in [Corporations Code] Section 195, setting…

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How The Proposed Fix To Delaware’s Stockholder Consent Statute Can Be Fixed

Earlier this week, I wrote about a proposed amendment to Section 228 of the Delaware General Corporation Law.  The amendment, which is proposed by The Corporate Council of the Corporation Law Section of the Delaware State Bar, would essentially condition the effectiveness of a stockholder consent upon the delivery of a sufficient number of consents with 60…

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After 25 Years, Delaware Begins To See The Light

A quarter century ago, I wrote a brief piece criticizing how Delaware handled stockholder action by written consent: Another difficulty with section 228 arises from its focus on the date of the “earliest dated consent delivered” to the corporation.  The emphasis on the date of the consent in section 228 contrasts markedly with the focus…

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Chancellor Bouchard Rules There Can Be No Ratification Without Works

In reading Chancellor Andre G. Bouchard’s ruling yesterday in Espinoza v. Zuckerberg, 2015 Del. Ch. LEXIS 273 (Del. Ch. 2015), I was reminded of the theological debate among Christians concerning justification by faith.  The case involved a stockholder challenge to the decision by the board of directors of Facebook, Inc. to approve the compensation of…

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The Arcana Of Dating Stockholder Consents

“And whispering ‘I will ne’er consent’—consented” Long ago, I had the temerity to write about Delaware’s statutes concerning stockholder consents, Delaware’s Inadequate Protection of Shareholders When Action Is Taken by Consent, 11 Bus. Law. Update 4 (1991).  The law of stockholder consents in Delaware in my view continues to be a complicated subject, as evidenced by…

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