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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

This California Court Held That A Limited Partnership Is No Person

In preceding posts, I commented on the multifarious definitions of “person” in the Securities Act of 1933, the Exchange Act of 1934 and various laws within the California Corporations Code.  As noted, the Corporations Code’s definition of “person” is short but open-ended: “Person” includes a corporation as well as a natural person. Cal. Corp. Code § 18. …

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Multifarious Meanings of “Person”

Last Friday, I observed that the definitions of “person” found in the Securities Act and the Securities Exchange Act are oddly incongruous. The California Corporations Code is similarly inharmonious.  Section 18 of the Code, which applies to the entire Corporations Code unless a provision or context requires otherwise, provides the most compendious and indeterminate definition:…

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Are Limited Liability Companies “Persons”?

Limited liability companies did not exist when Congress enacted the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  Therefore, it should be no surprise that as originally enacted these acts did not mention LLCs.  Congress has since amended both acts and references to LLCs can now be found in both acts.  Section…

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