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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

O Frabjous Day! Court Holds Passive Member Is Not “Doing Business”

The State of California imposes its franchise tax on every corporation (other than a bank, financial corporation or exempt corporation) that is “doing business” in California.  Cal. Rev. & Tax Code § 23151.  This tax is imposed without regard to whether the corporation is incorporated in California.  This makes the name of the tax somewhat misleading…

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One More Thing That A Limited Liability Company May Not Be Able To Do

California law does not permit limited liability companies to render a variety of professional services.  See,  Contractors Do It, PIs Do It; Why Not Real Estate Brokers?  To add insult to injury, the California General Corporation Law does not explicitly authorize LLCs to act as incorporators, even while permitting a wide variety of natural and unnatural persons to…

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Contractors Do It, PIs Do It; Why Not Real Estate Brokers?

Individuals and corporations, but not limited liability companies, may be licensed as real estate brokers under the California Real Estate Law.  This is a result of a bargain reached when California’s enacted its first limited liability company law – the Beverly-Killea Act.  In order to overcome the objection of the California Trial Lawyers Association, the act proscribed…

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Court Rules Attorney-Client Privilege Ceases To Exist When Corporation Ceases To Exist Without Successor

The LLC May Well Be The Platypus Of Business Organizations What happens to the attorney-client privilege when a corporation dissolves?  Magistrate Judge Sallie Kim recently answered that question in Virtue Global Holdings Ltd. v. Rearden LLC, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 53076 (N.D. Cal. April 5, 2016): When a corporation ceases to exist, “the corporate powers, rights and…

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Is a Trustee Ever Just A Trustee?

Trusts are confusing.  Fundamentally, a trust describes a relationship, not a person.  Thus, the California Supreme Court has described a trust as “a fiduciary relationship with respect to property in which the person holding legal title to the property — the trustee — has an equitable obligation to manage the property for the benefit of another — the…

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Senator Introduces Bill To Allow LLCs To Be Licensed As Real Estate Brokers

Section 17701.04(b) of the California Corporations Code provides: A limited liability company may have any lawful purpose, regardless of whether for profit, except the banking business, the business of issuing policies of insurance and assuming insurance risks, or the trust company business. A domestic or foreign limited liability company may render services that may be…

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California Member Rights To Inspect Delaware LLC Records

A Delaware limited liability company might reasonably expect that Section 18-305 of Title 6 of the Delaware Code governs the inspection rights of its members.  However, members of a foreign LLC, including an LLC organized under Delaware law, may have inspection rights under California’s Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act.  Section 17708.o8 of the California Corporations…

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Court Enjoins SEC Administrative Proceeding

Last March, I posed the following question:  But if you were hailed before an unconstitutional tribunal with the ostensible authority to fine you and bar you from working, would you want a “real” court to step in and consider the constitutionality of the proceedings? At the time, I was disappointed by U.S. District Court Judge Rudolph…

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FTB Issues Legal Ruling Addressing Filing And Franchise Tax Obligations of LLCs And Their Members

I’ve written several posts on discussing the meaning and ramifications of “doing business” for California tax purposes.  See, e.g., Why Your LLC May Be Doing More Than You Think In California Even When It’s Doing Nothing, 60 Acres And A Lawsuit Challenging The FTB’s Interpretation of “Doing Business” (sorry, I don’t know the current status of…

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Looking For The List Of OTC Margin Stocks? You’ll Find It In California’s New LLC Act

When originally enacted, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 banned brokers and dealers from extending margin credit on over-the-counter (OTC) securities.  This changed in 1969 when the Exchange Act was amended.  The Federal Reserve determined which stocks could be margined and it began publishing in the Federal Register the Official List of OTC Margin Stocks.  However, if you…

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