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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

Condominiums And The California Corporate Securities Law

Some four years ago, I wrote about the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals’ holding in Salameh v. Tarsadia Hotel, 726 F.3d 1124 (9th Cir. 2013).  For those readers who don’t remember the post or the case, the Court of Appeals held that the plaintiffs had failed to allege the sale of a security under federal or California…

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District Court Rules Plaintiff Failed To Plead Real Estate Investment Was A “Security”

Both the Securities Act of 1933 and the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 provide similar, but not the same, definitions of a “security”.  See Making A List Of Securities And Checking It Twice.  Although these lists are expansive, courts continue to explain why some items on the lists are not securities and why some…

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Commodities And The CSL

A recent unpublished opinion by Justice William W. Bedsworth set me to cogitating on the status of commodities under the Corporate Securities Law of 1968.  In Kelly v. Monex Co., 2013 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 5903 (Aug. 21, 2013), the plaintiff had lost substantial amounts in trading gold and silver through the defendant.  She sued and the…

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Are There Silver Hills In Other States?

In Silver Hills May Tarnish Crowdfunding, I wrote about Justice Roger J. Traynor’s alternative definition of “security” under the predecessor to the Corporate Securities Law of 1968.  Silver Hills Country Club v. Sobieski, 55 Cal. 2d 811 (1961)  Justice Traynor’s definition may cause problems for crowdfunders who are relying on the fact that their arrangements don’t meet the…

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Silver Hills May Tarnish Crowdfunding

Both Section 2(1) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 25019 of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 provide extensional definitions of the term “security”. That is, they each list everything within the term being defined.  See Why the Word “Includes” Conflates the Separation of Powers“.  In each statute, the twelfth item listed is…

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SEC Argues That Sales Of Hotel Rooms Are Sales of A Security

In June, I wrote this post about U.S. District Court Judge Dana Sabraw’s opinion in Salameh v. Tarsadia Hotels, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 30375.  The case involved the question of whether ownership interests in individual units of the Hard Rock Hotel San Diego constitute securities under either the investment contract test enunciated by the U.S. Supreme Court in…

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Section 25501.5 – “A Riddle, Wrapped In A Mystery, Inside An Enigma”

Last December, I wrote this post about Corporations Code § 25501.5 that asked “What do it mean?”.  In general, the statute authorizes an action for rescission (or damages, if the security is no longer owned) by any person “who purchases a security from or sells a security to a broker-dealer that is required to be licensed and has not”.  However, the statute makes little…

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Does George Babbitt Need a Broker-Dealer License (Part II)?

Last week, I discussed the real estate broker exemption from broker-dealer licensing requirements in California Corporations Code § 25206.  Commissioner’s Release 62-C provides additional clarifying comments regarding this exemption. The Commissioner of Corporations has also adopted a rule that provides an additional exemption for real estate brokers licensed by the California Real Estate Commissioner. Rule 260.204.1 exempts real estate brokers…

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