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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

“Person And Its Affiliates” – Can “And” Be A Disjunctive Conjunction?

Yesterday, I wrote about New York Judge Marcy Friedman’s opinion in Special Situations Fund III QP, L.P. v Overland Storage, Inc., 2017 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 3878, 2017 NY Slip Op 32125 (Oct. 10, 2017).  The case involved a contract provision requiring a multimillion dollar payment in the event of a “specified transaction”.  The contract defined…

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New York Judge Considers Meaning Of “Voting Power” In California Contract

Chapter 1 of the California General Corporation Law includes a large number of definitions, beginning with “Acknowledged” (Section 149) and ending with “Written, in writing” (Section 195).  It is easy to gloss over these terms as the balance of the CGCL doesn’t use initial capitals or italics to identify defined terms.  I suspect that many lawyers…

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How To Win Custody Of A Corporation

In family law, the fights are often over who gets custody of the kids, the pets and the house.  Shareholders battle over many things, but you don’t often hear of custody fights in the corporate context.  Is it even possible to win custody of a corporation?  In Nevada, the answer is yes. NRS 78.347 allows any stockholder to apply to…

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The Investment Company Act And Roy M. Cohn

Last week, UFCW Local 1500 Pension Fund filed a class action and derivative lawsuit against Yahoo! Inc., its board of directors and some of its current and former officers.  (N.D. Cal. Case No. 3:16-cv-00478-RS).  According to the complaint, Yahoo describes itself as a global Internet new media company that offers a branded network of media, commerce,…

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Benefit Corporation Files For Initial Public Offering

A few years ago, I participated in the drafting of California’s Flexible Purpose Corporation Act, Cal. Corp. Code § 2500 et seq.  In 2014, the legislature changed the name to “Social Purpose Corporations Act”.  SB 1301 (DeSaulnier).  The purpose of the act was (and still is) to provide an alternate form of corporation that provided greater flexibility…

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Private Placement Memorandum Saves The Day For Defendants

Do you ever wonder whether the time and expense of preparing a private placement memorandum is really worth it?  Does anyone ever escape liability because of a well drafted PPM?  A recent opinion by the California Court of Appeal provides one, albeit unexpected, reason for preparing and delivering a PPM.  WA Southwest 2, LLC v.…

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New LLC Is Not Delivered By Sale Membership Interests

Readers of this blog should be well aware of California’s general antipathy to covenants not to compete.  See The Point Of An Unenforceable Noncompete May Be Very Sharp Indeed,Covenants Not To Compete – Fourth DCA Considers A New Fine Question (Or Two), TRO Issued Enjoining Breach Of Non-Compete Agreement Clauses, No Surprises Here – California Court…

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Court Of Appeal Holds “May” Does Not Mean “May Only”

California requires persons who are engaged in the business of making consumer loans or commercial loans to be licensed under the Finance Lenders Law, unless exempt.  Cal. Fin. Code § 22100.  The CFLL includes the following: A licensee may sell promissory notes evidencing the obligation to repay loans made by the licensee pursuant to this…

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Court Finds No “Road of Imprudence” or “Chasm of Equity” In Section 25504

Faithful readers of this blog will be familiar with the structure of the California Corporate Securities Law.  Part 5 of the CSL (Cal. Corp. Code §§ 25400 – 25404) proscribes various conduct and Part 6 (Cal. Corp. Code §§ 25500 – 25510) establishes the remedies for violations of Part 5.  See Second Circuit Declines To Apply…

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Could The SEC Ask Airlines To Produce Data On Delayed And Canceled Flights?

The following story is fiction.  It was imagined following the SEC’s recently settled action against KBR, Inc. Airlines were caught completely off guard yesterday by SEC letters asking that they produce five years of data on delayed and canceled flights to the nation’s capital. The SEC’s action was a continuation of the agency’s inquiry into…

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