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Must A False Statement To A Franchisee Be Made “In this state”?

The list of instruments and interests included within the definition of a “security” in California Corporations Code Section 25019 is long.  A franchise, however, is not to be found amongst the named.  In fact, the statute specifically excludes a franchise subject to registration under the California Franchise Investment Law (Corporations Code Section 31000 et seq.) or exempt…

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Citizenship And The California Securities Laws

I often hear lawyers say something along the lines of “We need to find an exemption from the California Corporate Securities Law because one of the investors is a citizen of California”.  The citizenship or residency of a purchaser, however, doesn’t necessarily determine whether the CSL will apply to an offer or sale.  Qualification of an offer…

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What The SEC Doesn’t Understand About Blue Sky Laws

I recently submitted this comment letter to the Securities and Exchange Commission with respect to its proposal to modernize the exemption applicable to intrastate offerings.  The SEC somewhat misleadingly describes its proposal as ” “amendments to Rule 147 under the Securities Act of 1933”.  While that may technically be accurate, the SEC is actually jettisoning…

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Judge Rules Choice Of Law Waives CSL Claim

I was quite surprised to read Judge Gregory M. Sleet’s ruling in OpenGate Capital Group LLC v. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 92256 (D. Del. July 8, 2014).  The lawsuit was brought by the purchaser of a business.  The purchase agreement included a choice of law clause specifying that the agreement would be “governed…

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Has California Lost Its Jurisdictional Anchor For Securities Fraud Actions?

Does California’s securities fraud statute apply to offers and sales of securities that are made in other states, in Europe, or on the moon?  Actually, there is no way to know.  Formerly, California Corporations Code Section 25401 began “It is unlawful for any person to offer or sell a security in this state or offer to buy…

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