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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

What Every Delaware Unicorn Needs To Know About The California General Corporation Law

Recently, I came across a list of unicorns.  These are private companies with valuations of $1 billion or more.  I can’t vouch for the accuracy of the list, but I did recognize many of the names.  Many of the companies on the list shared two characteristics – they are incorporated in Delaware and headquartered in…

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This Foreign Corporation’s Status May Be Forfeited, But The Resident Agent Remains

A recent ruling by U.S. District Court Judge Otis D. Wright II illustrates how it may be easier to enter California than to leave it.  Real v. St. Jude Med., Inc., 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 47081 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 29, 2017) In 1996, St. Jude Medical, Inc., a Minnesota corporation, qualified with the California Secretary of State’s…

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What, Pray Tell, Is A “Foreign Corporation”?

Earlier this week, I wrote about Wellisch v. Pa. Higher Educ. Assistance Agency, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40831 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 21, 2017).  The issue was whether the defendant, Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, was required to register as a foreign corporation in the State of California.  The case turned on whether the defendant was…

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Nevada Legislature Mulls Codification Of The Internal Affairs Doctrine

Delaware and Nevada are each in the business of marketing their corporate laws to businesses in other states.  Thus, it should surprise no one that these states don’t appreciate it when their legal offerings are undermined by other states.  One way to protect the franchise is by embracing the “internal affairs doctrine”. The internal affairs…

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Incorporating In Delaware May Not Eliminate Director Liability Under This California Statute

Some readers may have skipped this week’s posts discussing director liability under California Corporations Code Section 316 on the theory that the statute applies only to directors of corporations incorporated under the General Corporation Law.  That could be a big mistake.  California’s pseudo foreign corporation statute, Corporations Code Section 2115, applies Section 316 to foreign…

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What Law Governs Real Property Conveyances By Foreign Corporations?

Consider the following fact pattern: Joe is the Chief Executive Officer of Transient, Inc., a Delaware corporation that is headquartered in Dallas, Texas.  Transient’s sole asset is 100 acres of undeveloped land in California.  Without consulting, much less obtaining the authorization of Transient’s board of directors or stockholders, Joe enters into a land sales contract…

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Suspension By The Franchise Tax Board

Yesterday’s post concerned the two circumstances in which the Secretary of State might suspend a corporation.  The California Franchise Tax Board will suspend a corporation if it fails to pay taxes, penalties, fees or interest (Cal. Rev. & Tax. Code § 23301) or fails to file a return (Cal. Rev. & Tax. Code § 23301.5). These…

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Why Some Delaware Corporations Will Want To Waive This California Statute

In yesterday’s post, I commented on a recent ruling by former Vice Chancellor John W. Noble to the effect that “Delaware disclosure law which generally does not require disclosures to shareholders unless shareholder action is sought”.  The Ravenswood Investment Company, L.P. v. Winmill & Co. Inc., C.A. No. 7048-VCN (Transcript) (Del. Ch. Feb. 25, 2016). …

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9th Circuit Holds Subsidiary Could Be The General Manager Of Its Parent

Section 2110 of the California Corporations Code governs service of process on a foreign corporation.  One means of valid service under the statute is by delivering process by hand to the corporation’s general manager in California.  The California General Corporation Law, however does not define “general manager”.  In Miller v. The Public Warehousing Company KSC…

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Why Foreign Corporations Might Not Care Where You Live

I noticed the following description of California’s principal “pseudo-foreign” corporation statute in a recently filed registration statement: Section 2115(b) of the California Corporations Code imposes certain requirements of California corporate law on corporations organized outside California that, in general, are doing more than 50% of their business in California and have more than 50% of…

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