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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

How Does One Know When A Corporation Is Antagonistic?

When a shareholder files a derivative suit in state court, the defendants often will try to have the case removed to the federal district court. Federal courts, however, are courts of limited jurisdiction and not every plaintiff can make a “federal case” out of their complaint.  When federal court jurisdiction is based on diversity (28 U.S.C.…

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What Does Americold Realty Trust Have To Do With Rule 147?

Under Article III, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, the judicial power of the federal courts may extend to, among other things, controversies between citizens of different states.  When a party is a trust, in what state is the trust a citizen for purposes of the diversity jurisdiction of the federal courts?  There are several…

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Can A Corporation Be A Citizen Of California?

Notwithstanding the brouhaha engendered by Citizens United v. FEC, 558 U.S. 310, 394 (U.S. 2010) , the idea that corporations are “persons” can be found in numerous California statutes, including California Corporations Code Sections 18 (“‘Person’ includes a corporation as well as a natural person”); 15901.02(y) (“‘Person’ means an individual . . . corporation . . .”); and…

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Court Decides Dissolved Corporation “Still Exists”

Some may view dissolution as the final curtain for a corporation and its shareholders.  But unlike mere mortals, a corporation does not strut and fret its hour upon the stage and then is heard no more. The undead nature of dissolved corporations is illustrated by Judge Edward J.Davila’s recent ruling in Murabito v. Stericycle, Inc., 2015…

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A Shot In A Mug Of Beer May Not Be The Answer To This Exclusive Forum Bylaw Case

In March, Safeway and Albertsons announced that they had entered into a definitive merger agreement.   As night follows day, litigation ensued.  At least 12 class action complaints were filed by alleged stockholders of Safeway against the company, its directors and others.  The seven suits filed in Delaware’s Court of Chancery have been consolidated as In Re…

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