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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

Suspended And Dissolved Corporation Still Defaulted

The story is straightforward; the legal ramifications are not: The plaintiff sued a corporation.  Before the lawsuit was filed, the Secretary of State had suspended the corporation and then the corporation was voluntarily dissolved.  The plaintiff effected service on the designated agent who happened to be an attorney.  The attorney didn’t notify either his erstwhile client…

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CARULLCA Amendment Purporting To Eliminate Surprise May Do The Opposite

Readers will know that I’m no fan of California’s Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (aka CARULLCA).  As originally enacted, the law was rife with technical errors.  As the legislature continues to tinker with the CARULLCA, it creates even more problems for existing California LLCs.  The legislature’s recent enactment of AB 1722 (Wagner) is yet another dispiriting legislative “fix” that is likely to increase, rather than…

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Does A Dissolved Corporation Have Officers And Directors?

It might be reasonable to assume that a dissolved corporation no longer has any officer and directors.  However, the California General Corporation Law seems to assume that dissolved corporations continue to have directors and officers.  California Corporations Code Section 2011(b) provides that summons and other process against a dissolved corporation “may be served by delivering…

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Court Rules Attorney-Client Privilege Ceases To Exist When Corporation Ceases To Exist Without Successor

The LLC May Well Be The Platypus Of Business Organizations What happens to the attorney-client privilege when a corporation dissolves?  Magistrate Judge Sallie Kim recently answered that question in Virtue Global Holdings Ltd. v. Rearden LLC, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 53076 (N.D. Cal. April 5, 2016): When a corporation ceases to exist, “the corporate powers, rights and…

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Court Rules Shareholders May Be Sued In De Facto Dissolution

California Corporations Code Section 2011 provides that causes of action against a dissolved corporation, whether arising before or after dissolution, may be enforced against its shareholders if any of the assets of the corporation have been distributed to the shareholders. Enforcement is limited to the extent of the shareholders’ pro rata share of the claim or to…

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Court Sorts Out California RULLCA Transition Muddle

Yesterday, I wrote about Kennedy v. Kennedy, 2015 Cal. App. LEXIS 329 (Apr. 20, 2015).  That post discussed the Court of Appeal’s holding that under the General Corporation Law the dismissal of a cause of action for involuntary dissolution with prejudice vitiates any right to buy out the shareholder seeking dissolution.  The plaintiff, however, also…

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Dismissal Of Involuntary Dissolution Action Pulls The Plug On Corporate Buy Out

Sometimes, shareholders are divided on whether a corporation should live or die.  In these cases, the California Corporations Code provides an option that allows for the continued existence of a corporation.  In any action for involuntary dissolution, or in any proceeding for voluntary dissolution initiated by the vote of shareholders representing only 50% of the voting…

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Court Of Appeal Embraces De Facto LLC Dissolution

Under the former Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act, a limited liability company was dissolved upon the first to occur of any of the following three events: The occurrence of an event specified in its governing documents; A majority vote of the members to dissolve; or A judicial decree of dissolution. Cal. Corp. Code § 17350…

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When A Corporation Dissolves, Do The Directors Become Zombies?

Even though a corporation has dissolved, there may still be a need to take certain corporate actions.  For example, the corporation may need to continue to prosecute or defend lawsuits, file a final franchise tax return, or collect and dispose of assets.  The California Corporations Code makes it clear that a dissolved corporation continues to…

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Meandering Through Minutiae – How The Type of Consideration Can Determine The Need For Shareholder Approval

Section 1001 of the California Corporations authorizes a corporation to sell all or substantially all of its assets when the principal terms are approved by the board of directors and the outstanding shares (unless the transaction is in the usual and regular course of business).  When the shareholders elect to dissolve the corporation, the board…

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