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Must A Security Be Written?

In yesterday’s post, I covered some of the differences between the laundry lists of securities found in the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 and the Securities Act of 1933.  Both lists seem to contemplate instruments that are written.  But what does it mean to be “written”?  Before the advent of computers, email and electronics,…

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CSL Takes Pity On Inter Vivos Trusts

Section 25019 of the Corporations Code defines “security” broadly by listing a broad range of items that is substantially, but not exactly, the same found in Section 2(a)(1) of the Securities Act of 1933.  See “Security” Definitions In CSL And ’33 Act – Similar But Not The Same. While both lists include voting trust certificates, neither…

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“Security” Definitions In CSL And ’33 Act – Similar But Not The Same

Both the California legislature and the U.S. Congress have enacted extensional definitions of “security” – that is Section 25019 of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 and Section 2(a)(1) of the Securities Act each provides a list of what constitutes a security.  These lists, however, are not the same. Here’s what’s on the California list that isn’t…

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Mirabile Dictu! “Common Stock Does not Constitute an Investment in ‘Stock'”

Anyone who has picked up a prospectus or a private placement memorandum has undoubtedly seen, if not read, various legends and other warnings.  Recently, I came across the following legend in an offering document: COMMON STOCK DOES NOT CONSTITUTE AN INVESTMENT IN “STOCK” IN THE COMMON SENSE OF THE TERM.  PURCHASERS SHOULD NOT PURCHASE COMMON…

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I’m Converting, Do I Need To Qualify?

When I first began practicing law, conversion was a subject for religious, not corporate, law.  Now, the California Corporations Code authorizes a broad range of conversion transactions.  Unfortunately, the conversion statutes require a careful understanding of numerous defined terms.  For example, California Corporations Code Section 1151 authorizes the conversion of a “corporation” (defined in Section…

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