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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

Preemption Of Secondary Trading Is Fast Becoming More Obscure

Secondary trading of securities in California must be qualified unless exempt or not subject to qualification due to federal preemption.  Cal. Corp. Code § 25130.  Similarly, the offer and sale of securities are subject to registration under the Securities Act of 1933 unless exempt.  Sections 4(a)(1) and 4(a)(3) of the Securities Act are the exemptions…

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An American Icon Amends Stock Plan To Make It Section 25102(o) Eligible – Why?

Section 102 the National Securities Markets Improvement Act (which amended Section 18 of the Securities Act of 1933) deems securities listed (or authorized for listing) on the NYSE, the American Stock Exchange or the National Market System of NASDAQ to be “covered securities”.   A security is also a “covered security” under the NSMIA if it is listed…

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How Chadbourne & Parke, LLC v. Troice Threatens The Defense Of The Guilty And The Innocent

The U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in Chadbourne & Parke, LLC v. Troice, 571 U.S. ___ (2014) arose out of the a multibillion dollar Ponzi scheme perpetrated by Allen Stanford.  The scheme involved the sale to investors of certificates of deposit in Stanford International Bank.  Mr. Stanford was convicted of mail fraud, wire fraud, conspiracy to commit money laundering, and…

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Federal Preemption And Bank Securities: Was The Commissioner’s Order Really Necessary?

The August 2011 Monthly Bulletin published by the Department of Financial Institutions recently arrived in my inbox.  One article caught my eye and caused me to revisit the status of state regulation of the offer and sale of bank securities in light of the National Securities Markets Improvement Act of 1996. The Small Business Lending Fund…

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New U.S. Exchange – “It’s Better Than A Magic Lantern Show”

What’s the third largest securities exchange operator in the United States and where is it located?  The answers may surprise you.  The exchange operator is called BATS and it is based outside of Kansas City.  BATS is derived from an initialization of Better Alternative Trading System. What Next! What Next? BATS was formed less than a decade ago as an…

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No Form D Filing – Now What?

In 1996, Congress added Section 18 to the Securities Act of 1933 as part of the National Securities Markets Improvement Act (NSMIA) to preempt state qualification requirements with respect to “covered securities”, as defined.  Section 18(b)(4)(D) provides that a security is a covered security with respect to specified types of transactions.  One such transaction is…

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