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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

LLC Bound By Agreement Signed By Manager’s Manager

Justice Kenneth R. Yegan clearly and concisely frames the question in Western Surety Co. v. La Cumbre Office Partners, LLC, 2017 Cal. App. LEXIS 77 (2017): ” natural person is the managing member of a limited liability company (LLC 1) that is the sole manager of another limited liability company (LLC 2). The person signs an…

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Staff Releases Report on its Review of the Definition of “Accredited Investor”

On Friday, the Securities and Exchange Commission staff published a report of its review of the definition of “accredited investor”.  Congress directed the SEC to review the definition every four years in Section 413(b)(2)(A) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.  Below are the staff’s recommendations: The Commission should revise the financial thresholds…

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NASAA Mistakes The Principal

I have frequently commented on the fact that many so-called “investor protections” have the unintended consequence of increasing the risk of investor losses.  One example is limitations on resales.  An illiquid security presents greater risk than a liquid security.  Investors understand this and will apply an illiquidity discount to the price of a security.  In this…

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Why Doesn’t The SEC Post SubCommittee Recommendations?

Last Thursday, the Investor Advisory Committee held another meeting.  The agenda included this rather vague agenda description: Discussion of Definition of Accredited Investor (which may include a recommendation of the Investor as Purchaser Subcommittee) The actual meeting did in fact include a discussion of the recommendation of the subcommittee.  The recommendation, however, was (and as of July…

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Questions About Third-Party Confirmations Of Accredited Investor Status

Countless memoranda and alerts have been issued about the SEC’s adoption of rule amendments eliminating the prohibition against general solicitation and general advertising in Rule 506 and Rule 144A offerings.  Congress ordered the SEC to adopt these amendments as part of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, or JOBS Act.   Issuers that wish to engage in general solicitation take “reasonable…

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Emptores Caveant! Buyer Liability In Securities Offerings

Much of the focus of securities litigation is on the liability of sellers, but what about buyers?  Can buyers prevaricate with impunity? Corporations Code Section 25401 prohibits misstatements and omissions of material facts.  Section 25401 explicitly covers persons who “buy” or who “offer to buy” a security.  California’s insider trading statute, Section 25402, also reaches purchases. …

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Will The Pilot Know When A Corporation Has “Crost the Bar”?

Section 12(g)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act previously required issuers with total assets of $10 million and a class of equity securities held of record by 500 or more persons to register the security with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Registration was required within 120 days after the last day of the issuer’s first fiscal year ended…

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The Dodd-Frank Act’s Exclusion of the “Chief School of Human Virtues”

As has been discussed in earlier posts, Section 413(a) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act requires the exclusion of the value of an investor’s primary residence for purposes of the net worth determination under Securities Act Rules 215 and 501(a)(5).  The Securities and Exchange Commission has provided the public with an opportunity to comment on rule…

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Offers and Sales to Governmental Agencies

David Freeman of Arnold & Porter LLP recently submitted this letter to the Securities and Exchange Commission on behalf of the State of Alaska.  The letter urges the SEC to amend its definitions of “accredited investor” in Rule 215 and Regulation D and “qualified institutional buyer” in Rule 144A to include governmental bodies – pointing…

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Can You Still Include Your Primary Residence in California?

With Congress’ passage of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “DF Act”), lawyers across the nation are struggling to come to grips with the act’s impact on their clients.  Lawyers representing businesses in need of capital, venture capital companies and hedge funds are noting that Section 413 of the act will…

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