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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

New York Judge Considers Meaning Of “Voting Power” In California Contract

Chapter 1 of the California General Corporation Law includes a large number of definitions, beginning with “Acknowledged” (Section 149) and ending with “Written, in writing” (Section 195).  It is easy to gloss over these terms as the balance of the CGCL doesn’t use initial capitals or italics to identify defined terms.  I suspect that many lawyers…

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Court Rules LLC Members May Be “Fiduciaries In Fact”

U.S. District Court Judge Tena Campbell’s ruling in Strong v. Cochran, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 170073, is a reminder that sometimes what you do matters more than what you say.  The case involved claims by the liquidating trustee for a failed real estate firm, Castle Arch Real Estate Investment Company, LLC, a California limited liability company (“CAREIC”). …

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Professor Bainbridge Precises Corporate Philanthropy

Earlier this week, UCLA Law School Professor Stephen Bainbridge precised the question of corporate philanthropy.  He notes “Virtually all states have adopted statutes specifically granting corporations the power to make charitable donations, which eliminates the ultra vires issue.”  Several years back, I compared California’s and Delaware’s statutes: Delaware’s statute appears to be more limited than California’s…

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California And Virtual Annual Meetings

Seventeen years ago, Delaware amended Section 211 of the Delaware General Corporation Law to permit corporations to hold electronic meetings of stockholders.  72 Del. Laws, c. 343, §§ 7, 8.  In the ensuing years, an increasing number of corporations have elected to conduct their meetings either entirely (a “virtual meeting”) or partially (a “hybrid meeting”) through electronic…

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Las Vegas’ Airport And The Lawyer Who Went “All In” For His Client

Passengers flying to Las Vegas arrive at the McCarran International Airport.  Having spent my youth in Las Vegas, I have many memories of going to the airport to greet arriving family or to fly East for school.  Then, there was no passenger security screening and no jetway bridges to the planes.  Family members could say goodbye or…

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What Kind Of California Corporation Must Include A Salary Limitation In Its Articles Or Bylaws?

I suspect that at least a few California corporate lawyers are unaware of a provision in the California Corporations Code requiring the articles or bylaws of certain corporations to contain a limitation on the salaries paid to the persons operating or employed by the corporation, including officers and directors.  If you are guessing that this provision is included…

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Filing Statements Of Information Online

Last June, the California Secretary of State’s office announced bizfile California, which it described as “a new online portal to help businesses file, search, and order business records quickly and conveniently from one webpage”.  Bizfile California currently permits limited liability companies to file electronically the following: Initial LLC Statement of Information Required Periodic LLC Statement…

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What Is A Foreign Registrant And Why Must They Translate Their Names?

Earlier this week, the Securities and Exchange Commission proposed amendments to Regulation S-K, and related rules and forms.  According to the SEC, these are intended to modernize and simplify certain disclosure requirements in a manner that reduces the costs and burdens on registrants while continuing to provide all material information to investors.  While I view…

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Standard Of Review Is Clear For Administrative Interpretations Of Statutes And Rules

A few days ago, I noted the Court of Appeal’s opinion in Davis Test Only Smog Testing v. Dept. of Consumer Affairs, 2017 Cal. App. LEXIS 855.  That post concerned the Court’s holding that the plaintiffs’ due process rights had not been violated by lay representation at an administrative hearing.  Not discussed in the post was the Court’s handling of…

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A Town Without Written Leases And No Litigation

Recently, I visited Tonopah, Nevada, which is located about midway between Las Vegas and Reno.  According to legend, the town was founded after Jim Butler discovered a rich ledge of silver ore while chasing his wandering burros.  Historians can, and do, debate the accuracy of this tale, but the silver was indubitably real.  Reportedly, the Tonopah mining district ultimately…

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