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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

This California Court Held That A Limited Partnership Is No Person

In preceding posts, I commented on the multifarious definitions of “person” in the Securities Act of 1933, the Exchange Act of 1934 and various laws within the California Corporations Code.  As noted, the Corporations Code’s definition of “person” is short but open-ended: “Person” includes a corporation as well as a natural person. Cal. Corp. Code § 18. …

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Partnership Dissolution And A Chief Judge’s Lament

Decisions by U.S. District Court judges typically begin with an identification of the parties, an explanation of the procedural posture of the case, or a description of the dispute.  Chief Judge Lawrence J. O’Neill, however, chose to begin a recent opinion with an invitation to the parties and their attorneys to write their Senators: Judges in the…

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Applying The Statute Of Frauds To “Et Al.”

Charles II, aka the “Merry Monarch”, was sitting on the English throne when the original Statute of Frauds was enacted in 1677.  Therefore, one should be forgiven for the mistaken presumption that all questions involving the application of the statute have been raised and duly answered.  Just yesterday, in fact, the California Court of Appeal addressed the apparently…

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When Partnership “Members” Are Employees

Last week, I wrote about how AB 2883 changes the definition of “employee” vis-a-vis corporate directors.  See Is A Corporate Director An Employee Subject To Workers’ Compensation?  AB 2883 also rewrites the definition of “employee” for purposes of partnerships and limited liability companies.  Effective January 1, 2017, an “employee” for purposes of California’s workers’ compensation law…

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How Certain Can You Be Of A General Partner’s Authority?

In this post, Professor Douglas K. Moll attacks the question of whether a partner has “actual authority, simply as a matter of his ‘partner’ status, to bind the partnership to an ordinary business transaction”: On the one hand, RUPA [Revised Uniform Partnership Act] § 401(j) states that “[a] difference arising as to a matter in the ordinary…

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Can Limited Partnerships Have Officers?

Can limited partnerships have officers?  In many cases, individuals with officer titles will actually be officers of the general partner.  My question is whether a limited partnership itself may have officers. Two provisions of Delaware’s Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act contemplates that the answer is “yes”.  Section 17-403(c) provides: Unless otherwise provided in the partnership agreement,…

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The Statue And Statute Of The Three Lies

The Statue of Three Lies In Harvard Yard, there is a prominent bronze statue of a man sitting on a chair.  The statue is the work of the prolific American sculptor Daniel Chester French.  The statue is vaguely reminiscent of French’s more famous depiction of a sitting President Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial.  (Does it really make sense to call a…

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Bill Would Clarify When Limited Partnership Life Begins

When does life begin for a California limited partnership?  The California Uniform Limited Partnership Act of 2008 seems to provide inconsistent answers.  The first is found in Corporations Code Section 15902.01(a). In order for a limited partnership to be formed, a certificate of limited partnership must be filed with and on a form prescribed by the Secretary…

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Nevada Supreme Court Doubles Down On Joint Venture By Estoppel

Last March, I wrote about a decision of a panel of the Nevada Supreme Court in In re Cay Clubs, 130 Nev. Adv. 14 (2014).  The defendants thereafter sought reconsideration by the Supreme Court sitting en banc.  Yesterday, the Supreme Court issued its opinion.  For those familiar with the panel’s opinion, there are no surprises from the…

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Court Finds Use Of “P” Word Does Not Necessarily A Partnership Make

Last March, I wrote a couple of posts concerning the Nevada Supreme Court’s opinion in In re Cay Clubs, 130 Nev. Adv. 14 (2014).  Joint Venturer May Be Partner By Estoppel and “Don’t tell me not to worry, and please don’t call me partner”.  The opinion was concerning because the Court had found that statements in marketing…

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