Court Sorts Out California RULLCA Transition Muddle

Yesterday, I wrote about Kennedy v. Kennedy, 2015 Cal. App. LEXIS 329 (Apr. 20, 2015).  That post discussed the Court of Appeal’s holding that under the General Corporation Law the dismissal of a cause of action for involuntary dissolution with prejudice vitiates any right to buy out the shareholder seeking dissolution.  The plaintiff, however, also

Bill Would Clarify When Limited Partnership Life Begins

When does life begin for a California limited partnership?  The California Uniform Limited Partnership Act of 2008 seems to provide inconsistent answers.  The first is found in Corporations Code Section 15902.01(a). In order for a limited partnership to be formed, a certificate of limited partnership must be filed with and on a form prescribed by the Secretary

Are LLC Interests Securities in California?

Does California consider membership interests in a limited liability company to be securities?  There are two correct answers to this question – yes and no. As I discussed a few years back, the California Corporate Securities Law preceded even the idea of limited liability companies.  When California’s first LLC law (the Beverly-Killea Act) was adopted,

Unregistered Foreign LLCs – Are They In Violation?

Statue of Benito Juarez

The California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (RULLCA), which took effect on January 1 of last year, is fraught with drafting mysteries.  Why, for example, did the legislature deem it necessary to change the default rules with respect to whether a California LLC is member-managed or manager-managed?  See Why A Form LLC-1 May Be Only

Judge Rules Against FTB In “Doing Business” Definition

Over a year ago, I wrote about an Iowa corporation, Swart Enterprises, Inc., which operates a 60 acre farm in Kansas. Swart has no physical presence in California. It owns no real or personal property in California.  However, Swart had invested $50,000 investment in a manager-managed California LLC.  Swart’s investment represented an ownership interest in the LLC

New LLC Act May Curtail Authority Of Managers Of Pre-Existing LLCs

California’s Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (RULLCA) took effect on the first of this year.  The RULLCA repealed California’s first LLC law – the Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act.  The forced subjugation of pre-existing LLCs to the RULLCA is subject to constitutional question.  See Legislature Shuts The Barn Door After The Horse Has Bolted And Then

Court Of Appeal Embraces De Facto LLC Dissolution

Under the former Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act, a limited liability company was dissolved upon the first to occur of any of the following three events: The occurrence of an event specified in its governing documents; A majority vote of the members to dissolve; or A judicial decree of dissolution. Cal. Corp. Code § 17350

Is The LLC A Party To Its Own Operating Agreement?

Is an LLC a party to its own operating agreement? California’s new Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (RULLCA) defines “operating agreement” as “the agreement, whether or not referred to as an operating agreement and whether oral, in a record, implied, or in any combination thereof, of all the members of a limited liability company,

The Franchise Tax Board’s Doing Business Legal Ruling – Ex Nihilo, Aliquid Fit

Today’s post will try to put the Franchise Tax Board’s recent Legal Ruling 2014-01 in perspective by imagining the following inquisition by the Franchise Tax Board: FTB: We suspect that you are doing business in California and have failed to file your tax returns and pay taxes and fees. Corporation:  Surely, you must be mistaken.  We don’t

FTB Issues Legal Ruling Addressing Filing And Franchise Tax Obligations of LLCs And Their Members

I’ve written several posts on discussing the meaning and ramifications of “doing business” for California tax purposes.  See, e.g., Why Your LLC May Be Doing More Than You Think In California Even When It’s Doing Nothing, 60 Acres And A Lawsuit Challenging The FTB’s Interpretation of “Doing Business” (sorry, I don’t know the current status of