Study Concludes That California’s Lending Laws Are Number One

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In a recently published paper, Colleen Honigsberg, Sharon P. Katz, and Gil Sadka examine the relationship between debt contracts and state law.  Perhaps only Captain Renault will be shocked by their finding that “California represents the most pro-debtor state and New York the most pro-lender.”  They also note that “the states with the most pro-lender law

Welcome To California: No Foreign Corporations Need Apply

California continues to hemorrhage corporate charters to Delaware and Nevada.  The most recent potential emigrant is SJW Corp. which filed this proxy statement last week seeking shareholder approval of a reincorporation from California to Delaware.  Can California and other states stanch the flow by offering licenses only to domestic corporations? Surely, there must be some

Court Of Chancery Rejects Delaware Choice Of Law

The public policies of California and Delaware both espouse freedom.  Ironically, the freedoms that they espouse are antithetical to each other.  California embraces the freedom of people to pursue any lawful and employment of his or her choice.  Hence, Section 16600 of the California Business & Professions Code declares, with narrow exceptions, covenants not to

Court Of Appeal Decides Against Arbitration Bylaw Amendment

Much has been written of late about the enforceability of exclusive forum bylaws.  What happens when the forum isn’t a court, but an arbitration?  Does it make any difference if the arbitration bylaw is adopted after a dispute has arisen?  The Fourth District Court of Appeal tackled these questions in an opinion issued yesterday.  Cobb

Do Some Companies Already Have Fee-Shifting Provisions (And Not Know It)?

A lot of folks these days are arguing and writing about fee-shifting bylaws as if they were some kind of novel and sudden irruption, like Athena bursting from Zeus’ skull.  This overlooks the existence of fee-shifting provisions in a myriad of existing contracts.  Arguably, some of these provisions may already applicable to derivative plaintiffs. When it comes to attorney’s

Forum Selection Clauses Were Here Before They Were In Bylaws

Recent rulings by judges in Delaware and other states have given impetus to the adoption of exclusive forum bylaws.  To the casual observer, the idea might seem entirely novel.  But as Koheleth (the Gatherer) wrote “What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done, and there is

Court Addresses Jurisdiction Over Alleged Tortious Internet Conduct

By dramatically lowering the cost of disseminating information, the internet has made it possible for companies to “cybersmear” their competitors before a large potential audience at very little cost.  The internet also allows companies to disguise the source of the attack.  In Dinar Corp. v. Sterling Currency Group, LLC, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 114528 (D. Nev.

Nevada Supreme Court Upholds Fraud Verdict Against The California Franchise Tax Board

The Franchise Tax Board’s Shande This is case that has been more than two decades in the making.  It began in the 1990s when inventor Gilbert Hyatt filed a California tax return showing that he relocated from California to Nevada.  Consequently, he reported licensing payments for only part of the year.  California was suspicious because

Judge Rules Choice Of Law Waives CSL Claim

I was quite surprised to read Judge Gregory M. Sleet’s ruling in OpenGate Capital Group LLC v. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 92256 (D. Del. July 8, 2014).  The lawsuit was brought by the purchaser of a business.  The purchase agreement included a choice of law clause specifying that the agreement would be “governed

Court Rules LLC Form Provided No Fiduciary Shield To Personal Jurisdiction

Last Friday’s post concerned whether a plaintiff could establish jurisdiction by tagging a corporate officer attending a conference in California.  The question was whether a corporation is present wherever its officers are present.  Today’s post considers the converse question.  Is a member of an LLC present where the LLC is present? In Poga Mgmt Ptnrs LLC