Website Heading

CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

Binary Options And Securities Regulation

Recently, the North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) updated and expanded its 2015 advisory warning investors about online binary option schemes.  NASAA offers the following explanation of “binary options”: A binary option is a type of all-or-nothing investment contract, similar to placing a bet. Like the flip of a coin, there are only two possible outcomes: heads…

Share on:

Are Limited Liability Companies “Persons”?

Limited liability companies did not exist when Congress enacted the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  Therefore, it should be no surprise that as originally enacted these acts did not mention LLCs.  Congress has since amended both acts and references to LLCs can now be found in both acts.  Section…

Share on:

Something Appears To Be Awry With California’s Insider Trading Statute

I trust that by now most quotidian readers of this blog should be familiar with Corporations Code Section 25402 which declares insider trading to be unlawful.  Although the statute has been on the books since the enactment of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968, it doesn’t make a great deal of sense.  Here’s the unabridged text of the statute: It is…

Share on:

Negotiating Permits?

The title of yesterday’s post may have been a bit recondite for some readers as I never directly mentioned negotiating permits in the post.  Therefore, today’s post will back up a bit and fill in some of the missing pieces. As noted yesterday, the California Corporate Securities Law prohibits offers of securities by issuers unless the…

Share on:

A Permit To Negotiate – Really?

It is sometimes forgotten that the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 makes it unlawful to either offer or sell a security in California in an issuer transaction unless that the sale has been qualified or exempt from or not subject to qualification.  Cal. Corp. Code § 25110.  Thankfully, the CSL exempts most offers.  Today’s…

Share on:

Shares of Foreign Subsidiaries

I expect that little or no thought is given to the possible application of California’s Corporate Securities Law of 1968 when a corporation incorporates a subsidiary under the laws of a foreign country.  However, the issuance of shares to a corporate parent located in California may well involve the offer and sale of securities in California.  As…

Share on:

California’s Regulation A Notice Filing Requirement

Two years ago, I posed the question: Will California Require Notice Filings For Regulation A Offerings?   Corporations Code Section 25102.1(a) provides that offers and sales of to “qualified purchasers”, as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 18(b)(3) of the Securities Act, are not subject to qualification under the Corporate Securities Law.  However,…

Share on:

California Lags Behind The SEC In Permitting Testing Of The Waters In Regulation A Offerings

In 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission adopted amendments to Regulation A and other rules and forms to implement Section 401 of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act.  One significant enhancement to Regulation A was to permit issuers and persons acting on their behalf to “test the waters” with all potential investors and to use solicitation…

Share on:

New Rule 147A And Amendments To Rule 147 Are Now Effective

Last October the Securities and Exchange Commission adopted amendments to Rule 147 to modernize the safe harbor under Section 3(a)(11) and a new intrastate offering exemption, Rule 147A.  See Will New Rule 147A Lead To A Renaissance In California Permit Applications?  These changes took effect on just over a month ago – on April 20, 2017. …

Share on:

Scienter Requirement May Be A Question Of Timing

On several occasions, I have written about whether scienter is required under Corporations Code Section 25401.  That question surfaced again last week in Judge Gonzolo P. Curiel’s ruling on the defendants’ motion to dismiss federal and state securities law claims in Mueller v. San Diego Entm’t Partners, LLC, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77643 (S.D. Cal.…

Share on: