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CALIFORNIA CORPORATE & SECURITIES LAW

Dismissal Based On Forum Non Conveniens Does Not Trigger Fee Shifting

California generally follows the “American Rule” with respect to attorney’s fees.  Trope v. Katz, 11 Cal.4th 274, 278 (1995).  Under the American Rule, each party to a lawsuit must ordinarily pay his own attorney’s fees.  A contract may provide, however, that the prevailing party to an action on the contract may recover attorney’s fees.  Sometimes these clauses are unilateral…

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California’s Corporations Code And Securities Rules Are Rife With Errors

Spring is the traditional season for cleaning and California’s Corporations Code and securities rules are desperately in need of some tidying up.  In a very quick and incomplete review of the Code and the Commissioner’s rules, I found the following: California Corporations Code Sections 5260, 9260 and 23000 refer to the “Internal Revenue Code of 1954”…

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This Foreign Corporation’s Status May Be Forfeited, But The Resident Agent Remains

A recent ruling by U.S. District Court Judge Otis D. Wright II illustrates how it may be easier to enter California than to leave it.  Real v. St. Jude Med., Inc., 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 47081 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 29, 2017) In 1996, St. Jude Medical, Inc., a Minnesota corporation, qualified with the California Secretary of State’s…

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Removing Elected Officials For Libelous Or Slanderous Statements

In recent years political smearing and outright lying have come to dominate campaigns in California. Candidates are spending less and less time discussing important issues and their own qualifications and more and more time telling falsehoods about their opponents. Although the above quotation sounds as if it could have been written today, it was in…

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California Considers Following New England Colonists In Outlawing Fake News

In February, California Assemblyman Ed Chau introduced a bill (AB 1104) that according to its author “attacks the problem of ‘fake news’ by creating a new state law designed to make it illegal for someone to make false or deceptive statements about a candidate or measure on the ballot”.  Specifically, the bill would amend the…

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Best Efforts – A California Perspective

UCLA Law School Professor Stephen Bainbridge posted some thoughts yesterday on the meaning of contractual “best efforts” requirements.  See What do “best efforts” and variants mean? A proposed set of definitions.  The springboard for Professor Bainbridge’s piece was the Delaware Supreme Court’s recent decision in Williams Cos. v. Energy Transfer Equity, L.P., 2017 Del. LEXIS 128 (Del.…

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What, Pray Tell, Is A “Foreign Corporation”?

Earlier this week, I wrote about Wellisch v. Pa. Higher Educ. Assistance Agency, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40831 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 21, 2017).  The issue was whether the defendant, Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, was required to register as a foreign corporation in the State of California.  The case turned on whether the defendant was…

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Department Of Business Oversight Proposes Changes To Proposed Finders Rule

Last July, the California Department of Business Oversight proposed regulations to implement the provisions of AB 667 (Wagner).  The bill, which was enacted in 2015 and took effect last year, created a new exemption from the broker-dealer requirements for finders, or individuals who, for compensation, introduce potential investors and issuers of securities to each other.  The proposed regulations, among other…

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Interstate Versus Intrastate Business – What’s The Difference?

Some words are easily confused such as hyperthermia and hypothermia.  In the case of the former, one is overheated and in the case of the latter, one is not warm enough.  The difference becomes more understandable when one knows the roots of these two words.  Both use “thermia” which is derived from the Greek word for heat –…

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Improper Purpose Frustrates Member’s Assertion Of A Proper Purpose

The inspection rights of members of California nonprofit mutual benefit corporations mirror those of shareholders of corporations under the General Corporation Law. Section 8333 of the Corporations Code provides that the accounting books and records and minutes of proceedings of the members and the board and committees must be open open to inspection upon the…

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