Nevada Supreme Court Refuses To “Blue Pencil” Unreasonable Non-Compete

Nevada, unlike California, applies a reasonableness test to non-compete agreements.  Although the Nevada courts haven’t identified a specific heuristic to be followed, a covenant not to compete will be found to be unreasonable when in the absence of statutory authorization or dominant social or economic justification, “it is greater than is required for protection of the person for whose

In The DBO’s World, Money, Money, Money Transmitters

Many may not realize that the Money Transmitter Division of the California Department of Business Oversight licenses and regulates money transmitters.  Money transmitters include issuers of payment instruments (money orders), travelers checks and stored value.  California’s Money Transmission Act codified at Financial Code § 2000 et seq. Western Union is among the best known money transmitters (a

California And Delaware Corporate Law Differ In Many Respects, Including The Authority Of Committees

Both California and Delaware allow the formation of committees of the Board of Directors.  Both states also allow these committees to exercise the authority of the board, but with certain exceptions.  California, however, has far more exceptions than Delaware.  For example, California does not allow the board to delegate its authority with respect to the

Court Allows An Exhausted FTC To Serve Summons On The California Secretary Of State

The Federal Trade Commission is not pleased with Discountmetalbrokers, Inc.  In fact, the FTC is so unhappy with the company that it filed a complaint alleging that the company held itself out as a legitimate seller of gold and silver but would often fail to deliver product.  According to the the FTC, the company has “scammed

The SEC’s Sorcerer’s Stone – Changing EBITDA From A Performance Measure Into Liquidity Measure

Recently, Broc Romanek hosted another one of his excellent webcasts.  This one covered the SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance’s recent issuance of several new and modified Compliance & Disclosure Interpretations regarding Non-GAAP financial measures.  The three panelists were Mark Kronforst, Chief Accountant, SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance Meredith Cross, Partner, WilmerHale LLP, and Dave Lynn, Editor, TheCorporateCounsel.net and

What’s With The “U” In Guarantee (Or Should That Be Guaranty)?

Spelling and pronouncing English words can be a challenge.  I’ve often been puzzled by the word “guarantee”.  What’s the point of including the unpronounced “u”?  The word is derived from an Old French word, garantir meaning “to protect”.   In English, the letter “g” may have either a soft (e.g., as in “legend” and “gerund”) or hard (e.g.,

The DBO Wants Your Social Security Number, But Is It Legal?

Readers will recall that last year the California legislature created a statutory exemption for finders from the California’s registration requirement for broker-dealers (Chap. 743, Stats. 2015).  That exemption, codified at Corporations Code Section 25206.1, requires persons relying on the exemption to file a statement of information with the Department before engaging in activities described in the

How Much Does Your Banker Make?

In the midst of the Great Depression, The New Yorker published a poem by Ogden Nash entitled “Bankers Are Just Like Anybody Else, Except Richer”.  But are bankers really wealthier than hoi polloi?  The answer may be found in the Department of Business Oversight’s annual survey of bank officer and director at state-chartered banks, national

Is Rule 10b-5 The “Mother Of All Litotes”?

Yesterday’s post addressed the use of litotes in California’s broker-dealer suitability rule.  Litotes can be an effective rhetorical device, but as Judge Frank H. Easterbrook observed, it is also ambiguous.  Associated Randall Bank v. Griffin, Kubik, Stephens & Thompson, Inc. 3 F.3d 208 (7th Cir. 1993) (“‘Not unlike’ can mean almost anything; although the listener may cancel

Suitability Of Broker-Dealer Recommendations And Litotes

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, better known as FINRA, imposes a suitability requirement on its members.  Rule 2111(a) requires, in part, that a broker-dealer or registered representative “have a reasonable basis to believe that a recommended transaction or investment strategy involving a security or securities is suitable for the customer” based on the customer’s investment