Plaintiffs Find California Courts Congenial To Section 11 Actions

Muttering About Mottoes The official motto of the State of California is “Eureka”.  Cal. Gov’t Code § 420.5.  The word is a transliteration of the Greek word εὕρηκα which is first person, singular, indicative active form of verb “find”.  Thus, it translates into “I have found it”.  The motto, which appears on the state’s seal,

Inspecting Foreign Corporation Shareholder Lists

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Recently, I’ve written about the “absolute” right of shareholders to inspect the shareholders list pursuant to California Corporations Code Section 1600.  Readers at, or representing, foreign corporations may have skipped these posts as inapposite to their circumstances.  That could be a mistake. A foreign corporation may be subject to Section 1600 if it meets the conditions set

Federal Court Rules “Mere Affiliation” Is Insufficient To Establish Personal Jurisdiction

Nearly four years ago, I wrote about a Nevada Supreme Court decision holding that Nevada courts can exercise personal jurisdiction over nonresident officers and directors who directly harm the corporation.  Consipio Holding, BV v. Carlberg, 282 P.3d 751 (2012).  At the time, Nevada did not have an implied consent statute similar to Del. Code tit. 10,

More On Inspecting The Shareholder List And The Regulation Of Alien Implants

Yesterday’s post discussed California’s “absolute” right of shareholders to inspect the shareholder list established by Section 1600 of the California Corporations Code.  Some additional points are briefly worth noting: Neither the articles of incorporation or bylaws may limit this statutory inspection right.  Cal. Corp. Code § 1600(d). The right to inspect the shareholder list is

The Statue And Statute Of The Three Lies

The Statue of Three Lies In Harvard Yard, there is a prominent bronze statue of a man sitting on a chair.  The statue is the work of the prolific American sculptor Daniel Chester French.  The statue is vaguely reminiscent of French’s more famous depiction of a sitting President Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial.  (Does it really make sense to call a

What Law Governs A Foreign General Partnership?

The California Uniform Partnership Act of 1994 defines a “partnership” to mean “an association of two or more persons to carry on as coowners a business for profit formed under [Cal. Corp. Code] Section 16202, predecessor law, or comparable law of another jurisdiction . . .”.  Cal. Corp. Code § 16101(9).  The California act does not define

Is a Trustee Ever Just A Trustee?

Trusts are confusing.  Fundamentally, a trust describes a relationship, not a person.  Thus, the California Supreme Court has described a trust as “a fiduciary relationship with respect to property in which the person holding legal title to the property — the trustee — has an equitable obligation to manage the property for the benefit of another — the

Court May Not Employ Alan Funt Tactics To Assess Attorney-Client Privilege

California, unlike other states, has codified the attorney-client (and other evidentiary) privileges.  Cal. Evid. Code §§ 900 et seq.  In an opinion issued last week, the California Court of Appeal provided a nice summary of how a court must assess attorney-client privilege claims: A court, however, may not review the contents of a communication to determine whether